Progress in Technology: Educational and Social Changes
This symposium consists of three presentations looking at using traditional tools and new media technology in learning environments and associated socio-cultural changes. Presenters looked at how natural disasters and technological progress are shaping our educational scenario. Presenters along with the audience reflected and evaluated the functions of social media in building more enduring community by reconnecting with others who share their concerns.
1. Madhumita Bhattacharya: 危機= With crisis comes the opportunity: Unveiling knowledge using constructivist approaches to learning
2. Satoru Fujitani: Emerging changes in educational and social scenario in Japan
3. Kanji Akahori: Characteristics comparison of Paper, PCs and iPads as learning devices
危機= With Crisis comes the opportunity: Unveiling knowledge using constructivist approaches to learning
Recent natural disasters in Japan and New Zealand and their after effects made the educators to re-think the curriculum and provide authentic and real life learning experiences to students. In this presentation Dr. Madhumita Bhattacharya will focus on the emerging trend of using Information and Communications Technology in creating project based and problem based learning environment and integrating formal and informal learning. Case studies from both countries will be provided.
Madhumita Bhattacharya, PhD, is CAPI's Japan Program Visitor. She is a well known international scholar in Education. Her areas of research expertise include educational technology, diversity education, science education, multicultural issues and elearning.
Emerging Changes in educational and social scenario in Japan
In this presentation Dr. Fujitani will start with his voluntary work after the March 11, 2011 disaster in Japan and go on with his continuing interaction with the researchers working in the Miyagi prefecture. He will discuss about the socio-cultural changes along with the introduction of technology in formal education. Dr. Fujitani will then go on to present a study in the introduction of elctronic white board and "One tablet PC per chlid" pilot project for schools in Japan.
Satoru Fujitani, PhD, is an Associate Professor at the Department of Childhood Education and Welfare, Faculty of Human Science, Mejiro University. His current reseach areas are ICT in Education, Science communication, international education.
Characteristics Comparison of Paper and PCs and iPads as Learning Devices
Dr. Kanji Akahori looks at paper, PCs and iPads as learning devices and discusses the results of the comparative experiment based on the experimental design of the effectiveness and characteristics of the aforementioned. For the 3 groups which have installed the learning materials on information education using paper, PCs and iPads, a comprehension test and questionnaire was given, and the results were compared.
In the comprehension test, the paper media excelled in the basic problems as well as knowledge and comprehension problems. iPads scored well in the applied problems as well as comprehension and comprehensive problems, whereas PCs did not score particularly well. According to the questionnaire results, the media most likely to induce boredom was paper, and the least likely to induce boredom was the iPad. The most tiring media was the PC and the media that the subjects wanted to use again was the iPad. And the media makes learners feel most that they have studied was paper. From the foregoing, paper was the most superior in learning activities where the contents within a fixed range are to be learned and understood as
knowledge, whereas iPads were suitable for problems where personal thoughts, assessment or comprehensive ideas are to be expressed, and the subjects wanted to use this learning device continuously. PCs and iPads are both digital devices, but it is thought that the difference is that one has an interface, in other words touch control, whereas the other has a keyboard and mouse control.
From the above, as learning devices, it is anticipated that the combined use of paper and iPads had the most superior learning effect.
Co-researcher of this study was Yasunori Wada (Kyocera Communication Systems Co., Ltd., Japan).
Dr. Kanji Akahori is currently a Dean and Professor of the Faculty of Education in Hakuoh University, and also an emeritus professor of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, of which he has served at the Department of Human System Science, the Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology. In addition, he serves as a Director at the Center for Research on Educational Testing (CRET) as well as the Chairperson of the Center for Educational Computing (CEC), Japan.
He was a Visiting Professor at the University of California, Irvine from 1993 to 1994. He has also served as the previous President of the Japan Society of Educational Technology from 2005 to 2009. His research interests include information technology education, human computer interaction and qualitative analysis of the teaching-learning process.